SIDLAB Acoustics HF

SIDLAB Acoustics High Frequency

This new module models the propagation of sound inside ducts in the high frequency range using power method. It is hard to specify accurately at which frequency this range starts but it is assumed that high frequency region begins from double to three times of cut-off frequency of the first mode, in this range a large number of modes are exists and wave length is very small so that sound is propagate as rays and there is no coupling between a source and a system and the acoustic power equals the free field value. In this range, the power based methods can be used, this implies that each source is described by its power and each duct element by its transmission coefficient.
The standard procedure is to use power based calculation models. These models are often based on measurements. All sources are associated with a sound power based on a standardized measurement. This sound power is then assumed to propagate through a pipe system and to behave like a semi-diffuse field, and as traditional assumption in HVAC calculation the effect of reflections at junctions, bends and cross section sudden change are neglected. This model is similar to the classical power based models used for room acoustics.

In power based techniques, the source-path-receiver model is used, see Figure 1. In this model, the source is the sound-generating device; the path comprises everything that affects the sound as it travels from the source to the receiver, and the receiver is typically the site where a person hears that sound. The term element collectively describes the source, receiver, and path components. The receiver location hears the sum of all sound traveling to that location. Depending on the application, there may be several sources of sound, and the sound from each source may travel to the receiver along one or more paths. Regardless of the number of sound sources and paths, each path is analyzed individually; then the superposition of all paths is considered. This model is widely used in HVAC applications.


Figure 1 – The Source-Path-Receiver model

The path is analyzed by adding and subtracting the regenerated and attenuated power to this path sum at each Octave or Third Octave frequency band. It is usually assumed that reflections are minor and therefore their effect is neglected. Moreover, elements that produce backward reflections, are considered as attenuation without affecting the elements connected to it.

SIDLAB Acoustics HF calculates:

  • Insertion Loss in Octave bands (dB and dBA), for any combination of inlet/outlet of the system.
  • Pressure outside the network, either radiated in free field or inside Rooms.

Standard Two-port elements in high frequency

  1. Pipe
  2. Duct
  3. Diffuser
  4. Diffuser Rectangular
  5. Lined duct
  6. Lined duct Rectangular
  7. Lined flexible  duct
  8. Area Expansion
  9. Area Contraction
  10. Expansion Chamber
  11. Orifice
  12. Bend
  13. Bend Rectangular
  14. Plenum
  15. Damper
  16. Damper Rectangular
  17. User defined attenuation
  18. Baffle Silencer

Standard One-port elements in high frequency

  1. Open end
  2. Fan
  3. Terminal Diffuser
  4. Terminal Diffuser Rectangular
  5. User Defined Inlet

Standard Branching nodes in high frequency

  1. Cross
  2. Cross Rectangular
  3. T Junction
  4. T Junction Rectangular
  5. T Side Branch
  6. T Side Branch Rectangular

Standard Sources in high frequency

  1. Fan Sound Power
  2. User Defined Inlet Sound Power

Example of HVAC system simulation